Aravas, Nikos

Professor, PhD'85 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Computational Mechanics of Structures

Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Thessaly
Leoforos Athinon, Pedion Areos,
38334 Volos, Greece

Tel:+30 2421 074002
Fax: +30 2421 074009

Email: aravas (AT)

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Curriculum Vitae

  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering (1980), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • MSc (1982) in Theoretical & Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
  • PhD (1985) in Theoretical & Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Short CV - Research interests

Nick Aravas was born (1957) and raised in Thessaloniki, Greece, where he studied Mechanical Engineering at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and graduated in 1980. He received his M.S. (1982) and Ph.D. (1984) in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). During his graduate studies he worked as a Teaching and Research Assistant, and in 1982 he received the “J. O. Smith Award for teaching excellence”, which is presented every year by the Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the UIUC to the “outstanding young teacher in Engineering Mechanics”.

In 1985 he worked as a Senior Engineer in Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen, Inc., the developers of the ABAQUS general purpose finite element program. His academic career started in 1986 when he joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics of the University of Pennsylvania (PENN), where he taught for 11 years. At PENN he held also a secondary appointment in the department of Materials Science and Engineering. 

In 1996 he was appointed “Professor of Computational Mechanics of Structures” at the University of Thessaly (UTH) in Greece. Upon his return to Greece he moved to Volos, is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Director of the Laboratory of Mechanics and Strength of Materials.

From 1999 to 2002 he was a member of the first elected University Administration and held the positions of Vice Rector for Research and Development and Chairman of the Research Committee of the University of Thessaly. When the Engineering School at the University of Thessaly was formed, he was elected as the first Dean of Engineering and served form 2004 to 2007. Prof. Aravas has served also as Chairman of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and as Acting Chairman of the Departments of Civil Engineering and Computer and Communication Engineering at UTH.

In 2005 Prof. Aravas was a member of the team of UTH faculty that wrote the proposal to the government for the establishment of a Research Center in the region of Thessaly. The “Center for Research and Technology — Thessaly” (CE.RE.TE.TH.) was founded in 2006 and Prof. Aravas served as the Director of the “Mechatronics Institute” in CERETETH until 2012.

Prof. Aravas has worked as an engineering consultant for various companies in the areas of mechanical and aerospace structures, metal forming, ceramic- and metal-powder processing, analysis and design of composite materials, computer manufacturing, etc.

He is currently a Visiting Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics at the University of Pennsylvania.

His research focuses in the areas of Mechanics of Materials and Computational Mechanics. He is the author or numerous papers in scientific journals, Associate Editor of the ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, and serves as a reviewer for many scientific journals in the areas of mechanics and materials. His work is recognized internationally and has received a large number of citations by other scientists. In 1987 he received the “Presidential Young Investigator Award” presented by the President of the USA “in recognition of ability and potential for contributing to the future vitality of the scientific and engineering effort of the Nation”. In 2010 Professor Aravas was given the grade of Fellow of ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) in recognition of his research contributions to the areas of computational plasticity and nonlinear fracture mechanics. The same year (2010) he received the “Distinguished Alumni Award” by the Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering (MechSE) of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; this award “recognizes MechSE Alumni who have served in a professional, technical or civil capacity that reflects honorably on the department and the University of Illinois”. Since 2011 Dr. Aravas is a “World Premiere International(WRI) Professor at the International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER) of Kyushu University in Japan. The objective of I2CNER is to develop the science required for the removal of the barriers to a hydrogen-based economy and enable the technological breakthroughs required for efficient CO2 capture and storage (CCS) or its conversion to a useful product.

Selected publications
  • L.A. Spyrou and N. Aravas, “Muscle and tendon tissues: Constitutive modeling and computational issues”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 78, No. 4, pp. 041015/1-10, July 2011. [DOI: 10.1115/1.4003741] Download
  • N. Aravas, “Plane-strain problems for a class of gradient elasticity models – A stress function approach”, Journal of Elasticity, Vol. 104, pp. 45-70, 2011. Download
  • Gaitanaros, S., Karaiskos, G., Papadimitriou, C. and Aravas, N. (2010). A Bayesian Methodology for Crack Identification in Structures using Strain MeasurementsInternational Journal of Reliability and Safety, Vol. 4, pp. 206-237, 2010. Download
  • N. Aravas and A.E. Giannakopoulos, “Plane asymptotic crack-tip solutions in gradient elasticity,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 46, pp. 4478-4503, 2009 Download
  • N. Aravas and C. S. Laspidou, `On the calculation of the elastic modulus of a biofilm streamer', Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 101, pp. 196-200, 2008. Download
  • F. Xu, N. Aravas and P. Sofronis, `Constitutive modeling of solid propellant materials with evolving microstructural damage', Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 56, pp. 2050-2073, 2007. Download
  • F. Xu, P. Sofronis, N. Aravas and S. Meyer, `Constitutive modeling of porous viscoelastic materials', European Journal of Mechanics/A Solids, Vol. 26, pp. 936-955, 2007. Download